According to UNHCR 155.800 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) were registered in Ukraine on the 13th of August 2014. It can be assumed that the actual number is probably much higher, because a lot of IDPs do not register officially. The civil society, as well as state bodies are are taking care of their needs. Read more on their support in this UNHCR report. However, more and more voices accuse them for having fled instead of fighting against the separatists, what has now to be done by soldiers, border guards and volunteers from Western and Central Ukraine. Furthermore, thousands of refugees left the embattled areas to Russia. UNHCR estimates that more than 150.000 people have fled to Russia. But their number is difficult to estimate as well, as a lot of them do not register (Ukrainian citizens don’t need a visa for entering Russia) and there have always been a lot of working migrants.
The Kiew post has recently published three stories on Ukrainian refugees:
The European Union’s eastern frontier cuts through Selmentsi, a village on the border of Slovakia and Ukraine. On the Ukrainian side, the road leading to the checkpoint is lined with shops selling fake designer clothes. The villagers serving in the shops slip easily between Hungarian, Russian, Ukrainian and Slovakian, a legacy of the region’s contested history. Once part of the Habsburg Empire, this section of the Carpathian mountains was taken by the Soviet Union in 1945. A glance at a map shows why Stalin coveted it: across a span of just a few hundred kilometres, Transcarpathia borders Romania, Hungary, Slovakia and Poland which is very convenient for an empire looking to keep its satellite states in check…
Read the full story here.
Report by the Bingham Centre for the Rule of Law: Immigration detention and the rule of law – National Report: Ukraine. Download the report here.
According to our Press Monitoring, 38 people tried to cross the border to European Union member states from Transcarpatia in only one night:
1. Border guards apprehended 33 citizens of Afghanistan and Syria at Ukrainian-Slovakian border
In the conditions of sudden worsening of tension at the state border of Ukraine the subdivisions of SBGS continue to protect the state border in a reinforced regiment not only at the eastern and southern area of the border as well as at other areas of our country. Thus, border guards of Chop Detachment detained 33 illegal migrants at night, who intended to cross the border by several groups. Border guards detected one group of the violators while patrolling the state border in the suburb of the village of Onokivtsi, Transcarpathian oblast. After the alarm system went on, the border guards started to the place immediately and apprehended 6 persons 200 m before the state border. They were the citizens of Afghanistan. Less than in an hour, border guards caught 27 persons more. According to the words of the detainees they did not have any documents, 24 of them were the citizens of Afghanistan and 3 were the migrants from Syria. So far, the detainees are delivered to border subdivision, the verification is conducted and measures are undertaken on the search of the participated persons and those who smuggled the detained persons.
2. Border guards were detaining the illegal migrants during the day
In the area of BS Malyi Bereznyi Ukrainian border guards together with the Slovakian colleagues detained 5 illegal migrants, according to their words – these were the citizens of Afghanistan. Ukrainian border guards detained them at about 03 p.m. Border guards were informed at once as well as the colleagues of the neighboring country. As result border guards of Ukraine detected 2 illegal migrants at the Ukrainian side 50 m before the state border. Three more persons were apprehended 1 km before the border by Slovakian border guards.
Depending on how the situation develops, third country nationals may also choose or be compelled to leave Ukraine, as a result of recent developments or in anticipation of a further escalation of the situation. Among these persons, there may be those who were recognized as refugees in Ukraine or registered as asylum-seekers. Afghan and Syrian nationals are heavily represented amongst asylum-seekers and refugees in Ukraine. Ukraine has been and remains a transit and destination country for refugees and people otherwise in need of international protection from third countries. If travelling onwards, these persons should be referred to national asylum procedures for consideration of their applications for international protection. In addition, there may be third country nationals or stateless persons who resided in Ukraine before seeking international protection elsewhere and who had not or not yet applied for international protection in Ukraine. UNHCR recommends that these persons also be referred to the national asylum procedure in the country where they seek international protection.
Find the full statement here.
The Ukrainian Parliament adopted a new law “On Refugees and Persons in Need of Complementary or Temporary Protection” on 08 June 2011 after the EU had shared Visa Liberalization Action Plan. There are some positive innovations of the new law:
- Adoption of a subsidiary protection
- Only one kind of paper for asylum seekers who are in asylum procedure (instead of 5 or 6 under previous Law)
- Possibilities for a quick family reunification for under age family members
- The refugee passport is valid 5 years instead of 1 year as it was foreseen by the previous Law
Continue reading ‘Situation in Ukraine in 2013 – Fact Sheet’
Recently, a media article with the title “TYPICAL MYTHS – ATYPICAL MIGRATION” was published in Ukrainian media. In this article statistics on “illegal” migration to/through Ukraine – and their misinterpretation and propaganda through the radical right in Ukraine – is discussed. Therefore, BMPU roughly translated the article. The original article can be found here.
Continue reading ‘TYPICAL MYTHS – ATYPICAL MIGRATION’
In this paper you can find some highly interesting statistics on the readmission agreement between the European Union and Ukraine:
The expert community and mass media expressed their apprehensions that Ukraine might be overwhelmed with hundreds of thousands of illegal migrants from third-party countries. These fears, however, proved unfounded. In two years since the Agreement’s enactment (2010-2011), the State Border Service of Ukraine readmitted about 1,500 people, 57.4% of whom were Ukrainian nationals (Table 1), 28.8% – the nationals of other CIS countries (including Georgia) and 13.8%,the nationals of developing Asian and African countries.
[...] UNHCR concludes that Ukraine is failing to provide sufficient protection against refoulement, and does not provide asylum-seekers with the opportunity to have their asylum claims considered in an efficient and fair procedure. Ukraine therefore should not be considered as a safe third country. UNHCR further urges States not to return asylum-seekers to Ukraine on this basis.
Download the report here.
Ukrainian Human Rights activist Dmytro Groysman died of a heart failure on August 5, 2013 at the age of 41. Unexpected acquittal was announced posthumously in a trial against him.
On August 12, 2013, a court ruling was delivered in Dmytro Groysman’s case after he died of a heart failure on August 5, 2013 in Kyiv. After 74 court hearings in the trial against Groysman, he was posthumously declared innocent on the ground that his guilt could not be proven. More than 300 Human Rights activists from Ukraine signed a petition to the Chief Public Prosecutor’s Office on the eve of the final court hearing, with a demand to declare Groysman innocent and investigate all trial irregularities (1). Dmytro Groysman was a prominent Ukrainian Human Rights defender who focused in particular on police torture and the situation with refugees and asylum- seekers in Ukraine. Groysman’s investigations continuously exposed local police involvement in crimes such as prostitution. In 2010 a criminal investigation against him has been launched (2) into alleged on-line distribution of pornography. Groysman died only a day before the final court hearing took place. In his last words Groysman spoke about illegal activities of the police, “false witnesses” and “fake experts” (3).
With Dmytro Groysman’s death, Ukrainian civil society has lost one of its most outstanding leaders. His lawyer, Nataliya Gurkovska, told the court on Monday that the criminal investigation aimed at “forcing Groysman to leave Human Rights activism behind, which was finally attained”. She added that the Vinnytsya Human Rights Group, founded by Groysman, will nevertheless continue its work.
Source: PRAVO. Berlin Group for Human Rights in Ukraine, Contact: email@example.com
(1) Petition to the Chief Public Prosecutor’s Office (in Ukrainian)
(2) Protests against the conviction of Dmytro Groysman (in German)
(3) Last words of Dmytro Groysman that were read out to the court after his death (in Ukrainian)